In 2005, building upon the work of Hernando Barragán (creator of Wiring), Massimo Banzi and David Cuartielles created Arduino, an easy-to-use programmable device for interactive art design projects, at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea in Ivrea, Italy.
David Mellis developed the Arduino software, which was based on Wiring. Before long, Gianluca Martino and Tom Igoe joined the project, and the five are known as the original founders of Arduino. They wanted a device that was simple, easy to connect to various things (such as relays, motors, and sensors), and easy to program. It also needed to be inexpensive, as students and artists aren’t known for having lots of spare cash.
They selected the AVR family of 8-bit microcontroller (MCU or µC) devices from Atmel and designed a self-contained circuit board with easy-to-use connections, wrote bootloader firmware for the microcontroller, and packaged it all into a simple integrated development environment (IDE) that used programs called “sketches.” The result was the Arduino.
» Check out the history of Arduinos
Arduino is an open-source electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. It's intended for anyone making interactive projects. Arduino is widely used in thousands of interactive projects. It consists of both a microcontroller board where you can order commands and software to store new code on the go. One must use the Arduino programming language and the Arduino Software (IDE). Learn more.